Scientific Masculinities

Osiris, Vol. 30 (University of Chicago Press, 2015)

co-edited by Erika Milam and Robert A. Nye

"From the test tubes of industry have come many of the jobs that keep America busy." -- General Electric advertisement (1938)  

"From the test tubes of industry have come many of the jobs that keep America busy." -- General Electric advertisement (1938)  

"This volume of Osiris integrates gender analysis with the global history of science and medicine from the late Middle Ages to the present by focusing on masculinity, the part of the gender equation that has received the least attention from scholars. The premise is that social constructions of masculinity function simultaneously as foils for femininity and as methods of differentiating between “kinds” of men. In exploring scientific masculinities, we ask: how has masculinity been defined and what are the mechanisms by which it operates in science? The essays are divided into sections that emphasize the importance of gender to the practices of professionalization, the spaces in which scientific, technological, and medical labor is performed, and the ways that sex, gender, and sexual orientation are measured and serve as metaphors in society and culture." [link]

 

You can read individual papers through JSTOR or Journals.UChicago or buy the volume as a paperback: Amazon, B&N, or ABE Books.


               Erika Lorraine Milam and Robert A. Nye, Introduction

 

Professionalization and Gender Norms

Leah DeVun, Erecting Sex: Hermaphrodites and the Medieval Science of Surgery

Nathan Ensmenger, ‘Beards, Sandals, and Other Signs of Rugged Individualism’: Masculine Culture within the Computing Professions

Erika Lorraine Milam, Men in Groups: Anthropology and Aggression, 1965-1975

Michael Robinson, Manliness and Exploration: The Discovery of the North Pole

 

Scientific Labor and Gendered Spaces

Frances Bernstein, Prosthetic Manhood in the Soviet Union at the end of World War Two

Eugenia Lean, Recipes for Men: Manufacturing Make-up and the Politics of Production in 1910s China

Michael Reidy, Mountaineering, Masculinity, and the Male Body in mid-Victorian Britain

Mary Terrall, Masculine Knowledge, the Public Good, and the Scientific Household of Réaumur

 

Measures and Metaphors of Gender

Nathan Ha, Detecting and Teaching Desire: Phallometry, Freund, and Behaviorist Sexology

Beth Linker and Whitney Laemmli, Half a Man: The Symbolism and Science of Paraplegic Impotence in World War II America

Alexandra Rutherford, Maintaining Masculinity in mid-20th Century American Psychology: Edwin Boring, Scientific Eminence, and the ‘Woman Problem’

Zeb Tortorici, Sexual Violence, Predatory Masculinity, and Medical Testimony in New Spain


We owe great thanks to Babak Ashrafi and the Philadelphia Area Center for History of Science for supporting a workshop in Philadelphia on May 31 and June 1, 2012 that allowed us to circulate and discuss early drafts of our papers in person. On the PACHS website, you can find a list of speakers and paper titles [link] as well as a conference report [link].