Scientific Masculinities

Osiris, Vol. 30 (University of Chicago Press, 2015)

co-edited by Erika Milam and Robert A. Nye

You can read individual papers through JSTOR or Journals.UChicago or buy the volume as a paperback: Amazon, B&N, or ABE Books.

Erika Lorraine Milam and Robert A. Nye, Introduction

"This volume of Osiris integrates gender analysis with the global history of science and medicine from the late Middle Ages to the present by focusing on masculinity, the part of the gender equation that has received the least attention from scholars. The premise is that social constructions of masculinity function simultaneously as foils for femininity and as methods of differentiating between “kinds” of men. In exploring scientific masculinities, we ask: how has masculinity been defined and what are the mechanisms by which it operates in science? The essays are divided into sections that emphasize the importance of gender to the practices of professionalization, the spaces in which scientific, technological, and medical labor is performed, and the ways that sex, gender, and sexual orientation are measured and serve as metaphors in society and culture." [link]

Professionalization and Gender Norms

Leah DeVun, Erecting Sex: Hermaphrodites and the Medieval Science of Surgery

Nathan Ensmenger, ‘Beards, Sandals, and Other Signs of Rugged Individualism’: Masculine Culture within the Computing Professions

Erika Lorraine Milam, Men in Groups: Anthropology and Aggression, 1965-1975

Michael Robinson, Manliness and Exploration: The Discovery of the North Pole


Scientific Labor and Gendered Spaces

Frances Bernstein, Prosthetic Manhood in the Soviet Union at the end of World War Two

Eugenia Lean, Recipes for Men: Manufacturing Make-up and the Politics of Production in 1910s China

Michael Reidy, Mountaineering, Masculinity, and the Male Body in mid-Victorian Britain

Mary Terrall, Masculine Knowledge, the Public Good, and the Scientific Household of Réaumur


Measures and Metaphors of Gender

Nathan Ha, Detecting and Teaching Desire: Phallometry, Freund, and Behaviorist Sexology

Beth Linker and Whitney Laemmli, Half a Man: The Symbolism and Science of Paraplegic Impotence in World War II America

Alexandra Rutherford, Maintaining Masculinity in mid-20th Century American Psychology: Edwin Boring, Scientific Eminence, and the ‘Woman Problem’

Zeb Tortorici, Sexual Violence, Predatory Masculinity, and Medical Testimony in New Spain

Thanks to Babak Ashrafi and the (then called) Philadelphia Area Center for History of Science for supporting the workshop that allowed us to circulate and discuss early drafts of our papers in person. The final volume would not have been possible without this focused interaction!